Pomegranate is known as one of the oldest eatable fruits in the world and initial acquaintance with it and its primary use is associated with ancient Middle East civilizations. Firstly, pomegranate was cultivated in Egypt and ancient Greece, later it has expanded to countries such as Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, China, Asia, North America and the Mediterranean coast of Europe. Owing to the information related to pomegranate varieties of Chandra and Jadav planted in India, it was founded that this fruit is one of the most ancient fruits charmed and cultivated approximately 4,000 years BC, even its name has come across in the holy book of Islam - Koran, the Christian holy book - Bible and in the Torah, Jewish holy book. Pomegranate fruits are mainly divided into three parts: peel, membrane separating seeds and seeds. The eatable part of the pomegranate includes 55-60% of the whole weight of the fruit. The pomegranate contains about 80% of pomegranate juice and 20% of seeds.
Compressed pomegranate juice contains 85% of water, 15% of sugar, pectin, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, amino acids and other chemical compounds. This unique composition of pomegranate is very effective for many diseases and plays a positive role in preventing various biological disorders. As a result of clinical tests, it has been proven that pomegranate could also be used to treat cancer. The pomegranate is mainly consumed in fresh form, or in the processed forms as jam, juice, vinegar, and wines.