The Global GAP certificate serves as a passport for the manufacturer or exporter to market the product
in Europe.Global GAP standards include the standards that meet the consumer’s safety requirements.
The certificate is issued to the manufacturer, if the following criteria are met:
1.The product is not physically or chemically harmful,
2.The product doesn’t damage the environment during production
3. The product is made in accordance with legal terms,
4. All necessary measures are taken to ensure the health and safety of workers involved in the
The basic principles of the Global GAP include providing high quality food, productivity increase,
environmental protection, optimization of natural resource use, and combining the best available
technology with traditional agriculture techniques. Organic farming is an alternative to intensive agro-farming based on the broad use of agro resources (agricultural techniques, chemical fertilizers, pesticides). Such agricultural methods are called “organic”, “biological” or “ecologically clean” In majority of the relevant standards, these concepts are regarded as synonyms.
Organic farming systems rely on biological methods for maximum harvest turnover, plant
residues, livestock, beans, green manure, farm organic waste and pests to maintain soil fertility and
ploughing, feed plants, and control insects, weeds and other damaging species. The mentioned
agricultural methods support to recycle natural resources, involve in the ecological balance and protect
the biodiversity. It is not allowed to use synthetic (chemical) fertilizers, sewage sludge and genetic
engineering methods in organic farming. Several companies have initiated the export of organic
pomegranates and other fruits. These companies also have modern processing equipment for the
production and export of organic juices that meets international standards. This competitive advantage
makes it possible to produce organic canned foods and products with a longer shelf life through
development in the value chain.
Organic foods are safer and healthier than conventional foods. Organic agriculture incorporates a
number of positive factors in terms of probability. A farmer producing organic farming products does not
use expensive synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. In addition, the market value of organic products is
BIO certification is the process for obtaining certificates from manufacturers of organic products (food,
agricultural products etc.). BIO certification norms include a set of standards for the cultivation,
production, processing and packaging of commodities. Standards were prepared and approved by the
International Federation of Organic Agricultural Operations (IFOAM) in 1980.
In order to obtain Bio Certification, the following conditions shall be met:
1. Non-use of chemical fertilizers during the cultivation of agricultural crops for at least 3 years.
2. Use of genetically modified products is prohibited;
3. Use of pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, nitrogen and other chemical fertilizers is
4. Use of fertilizers containing magnesium, micro element, mineral potassium, manure and heavy
metals is limited;
5. In order to fight against pests, it is needed to use physical barriers, light, ultrasound, ultraviolet
radiation, and special heat