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Planting of pomegranate orchard

Global G.A.P

Currently, intensive gardening is applied to increase productivity in orchards. Intensive gardening facilitates to obtain the maximum productivity in the limited land area. Based on agronomists’ advice, intense sowing, low trees, proper use of irrigation, and proper agrotechnical service can be given as examples for the main features of intensive gardening. The planting distance between the rows is 5 m while the distance between plants is 2-2,5 m. However, it is necessary to rarefy of the trees in the row at the age of 5- 10 years, when they begin to develop and squeeze. As a result, it is possible to get more harvests at each hectare of pomegranate orchards. For easy application of technological operations in the eld of pomegranate, the area shall be clean, and the surface straight. For these purposes, it is necessary to make the area suitable before starting the cultivation of pomegranate trees. There may be shortcomings in the area. In this regard, the area shall be suitable and amelioration measures shall be taken. Naturally, there were bushes, stumps, stones, valleys, hills, ravines, trenches, wells, as well as, eld, water-melons and vegetable harvests could be cultivated in the selected area. Pomegranate orchards can also be cultivated in raw soils or in a peaceful area. If the surface of the area is not at, water is collected, groundwater levels rise, and stuffiness occurs. In order to remove the excess water from the area, it’s cleaned from weeds, irrigation ditches, drains are installed, water is own to the lake and river. In cases of intense rainfalls, the soil is directed to the sides to prevent the rainfall keeping in the trunks of pomegranate trees by digging the soil surface between rows with plough. After drying the swamps, the activity of microorganisms rises in the soil, organic matters are mineralized.